On the geo-portal of the Russian geographical society published maps-topographical monuments of art


According to the website PGO, on the geo-portal of the Russian geographical society published maps of Siberia and the Far East –Three miles copies of the topographical survey of the province of Tomsk and Semipalatinsk region along the border with Mongolia and a Special map of the East Asian part of the USSR.

The first of these monuments topographic art covers the territory of East Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Altai; on one of the sheets of the map is the highest peak of Altai-the Belukha mountain. Published sheets published from 1907 to 1922.

The preparation of this map was begun in 1868, Lieutenant-captain Alex Miroshnichenko, who determined astronomical points for subsequent surveys. Work in the Semipalatinsk region was renewed in 1899 under the leadership of Lieutenant-General Julius Schmidt.

The leaves displayed the main elements of the terrain: the terrain is transmitted by lines and symbols, hydrography, vegetation, transport and human settlements. Separate signs are marked with cliffs, scree and elevation. Horizontally held in increments of 10 yards, or 24.8 meters. One centimeter on the paper equals 1.26 kilometer on the ground.

The map was made quite accurately, in detail caused even remote mountainous areas. It is a good example of the Studio work of military topographers, who carried out his work in any natural environment, studying and fixing the most remote corners of the country.

A special map of the East Asian part of the USSR (in the pre – revolutionary period, the Eastern part of Asian Russia, with the adjacent possessions) published in scale 1:420 000 (10 English miles to 1 inch). It was at that time one of the most detailed maps of Siberia and the Far East.

This historic document depicts all the major landmarks. Sheets printed in four colors: the way of the message and the border is black, vegetation is green, the terrain is brown, hydrography in blue.

Both cards carry valuable information about the development of the southern Siberia and the Far East in the early twentieth century. At that time it was still little explored territory, and military topography, the majority of whom were members of the Russian geographical society made a great contribution in their study.

Cartographic materials were kindly provided by the Military topographic Directorate of the General staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Source: GIS-Association

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